Why Citation Matters
All Scholarship is a Conversation and Citation is a question of whose voices are allowed to participate. Citation is one way that we amplify voices and perspectives in our research and in our scholarly conversations. Deciding who gets to participate in scholarly conversation and which voices we amplify is always a question of power, inclusion, and justice.
Citation Politics & Citation Justice
Citation Justice is based on a growing body of evidence across disciplines that women, Black, Indigenous, and People of Color (BIPOC) are cited less frequently than their white male counterparts. Categorizations of race, power, and citation are essential to how academia distributes credit, institutional value, and decides how knowledges are produced and validated. Marginalized identities, including but certainly not limited to, gender, race, class, sexuality, and ability, all participate in the academic category of Authorship differently across these intersecting identities and have been traditionally excluded and underrepresented in the cycles of knowledge production.
As scholars and knowledge-creators, correcting these imbalances and resisting Academia's inertia towards reproducing sameness means interrogating who we cite and whether we are including a diverse group of voices and perspectives in our research. But in addition to considering which kinds of Authors and Authorities matter in scholarship, citation justice also means broadening the kinds of research questions we ask and expanding the lines of inquiry we might pursue in order to think beyond how a topic is already considered in scholarly research and in order to venture new ideas and new solutions.
Incorporating marginalized voices into your research process involves both who you cite and how you cite. Equitable citation practices require considering what diversity in research and knowledge production looks like beyond just the individual names attached to resources.
Inclusive Citation and Citation Justice asks us to:
Language adapted from Andrea Baer's LibGuide "Inclusive Citation"