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ESL 081, Marjorie Richards (fall 2021): Present Findings

Wrong way to do research


  • Take someone else’s ideas and claim them as your own, whether intentional or not
  • Copy a paper from a source (book, article, web, etc.) without proper acknowledgment
  • Take ideas from a source without proper citation

Citations FAQs

Information about a source:

  • Title
  • Author
  • Publisher / Source
  • Publication date
  • URL
  • Page number
  • Keep track of where you’ve been
  • Give credit to the author
  • Support your ideas with credible sources
  • Allow reader to find the source

Each source used in a paper is cited in two places:

  1. In-Text Citations
    • a brief reference indicating the source you used
    • located in the body of the paper
  2. Works Cited or References
    • a detailed list of sources you used 
    • located on a separate page at the end of your paper 

Below is an example of how the two citation pieces fit together in APA style:


  • Collect information to identify the source
  • Organize the information in the correct order 
  • Punctuate and capitalize according to the guidelines

Good news!  Many library databases provide citations for their content to save you, the student, time.  But even the databases can make mistakes so doublecheck using our library's Citation Style Guides.

Information has Value