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ANTH 204: Introduction to Archaeology: Welcome

The Library at Ephesus, Turkey

Image courtesy of Kelley McHenry

Using this Guide

Along the top of this page you will see yellow tabs. Each tab will take you to a specific type of research information. Different types of information sources have different qualities:

Subject encyclopedias are great for getting background information and context on a topic. Articles are written by scholars and tend to take a broad perspective, covering the general information about what is known about a topic.

Primary sources are those that are closest to the actual event, or time period when something happened. They include letters, diaries, photographs, transcripts of speeches, recordings, newspaper articles, artifacts, works of art, interviews,  public records, and anything else has not been interpreted, condensed, or evaluated. Much of this type of information is best found in archival collections.

Books in the Seattle College Libraries are usually based on research, go into a subject in depth, and often contain chapters that get to specific aspects of a topic. They can be good sources for critical evaluation and analysis of an issue or topic.

Periodical articles are good sources of current information as well as for following a topic over time. A periodical is a published on a regular recurring basis: daily, weekly, monthly, quarterly, etc. and include magazines, newspapers and scholarly journals. Research databases such as Academic Search Premier are the tools for locating particular articles on a topic.


Research Process

This research guide provides tutorials, resource lists, tips and links for students doing research on Archeology.

  • Seek a variety of sources
  • Avoid plagiarism
  • Ask a librarian if you need help


Whether you are seeking existing information or exploring new or complex questions, research builds on knowledge and information that others have created.

Locating and using information from all types of sources is the core of the research process. A puzzle is one way to visualize the process. Each interconnected task in the process represents a piece of the whole puzzle. If one piece is missing, the puzzle is incomplete. When you’re working on something new, the puzzle can help you focus on the important parts of the process.

As you learn more about your research options and the topic itself, you may return to some tasks to do more work: the more you know, the more questions you can ask.